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Heavy Rain Causes Flooding At Dubai Mall

Dubai Airports said that it expected disruption to arrivals and departures throughout the afternoon

Heavy rain across Dubai on Sunday led to Dubai Mall being flooded and store employees reporting temporary closures.

Videos and images being widely distributed on social media show people wading through stores on the mall’s ground floor, in the Fashion Avenue area of the mall.

When contacted by Arabian Business, one store employee reported that the store was shut and would be unlikely to re-open until the following day.

In one of the videos, an employee of one of the retail outlets can be seen moving a clothing rack away from the water.

A number of other stores located in the immediate vicinity were not answering their phones at the time of writing.

A separate video being widely shared on Twitter shows a torrent of water falling from the ceiling in what appears to be a car park area.

 

In a statement posted to the official Twitter account of the Dubai Media Office, an Emaar spokesperson said that “Dubai Mall was affected by the heavy rainfall, causing leakages in limited areas.”

“We are working to contain all leakages and the mall remains operational and open to the public. Mall staff are on the ground, ensuring the visitor experience remains unaffected,” the statement added.

Emaar spokesperson: Dubai Mall was affected by the heavy rainfall, causing leakages in limited areas. We are working to contain all leakages and the mall remains operational and open to the public. Mall staff are on the ground, ensuring the visitor experience remains unaffected.

On Twitter, many residents and visitors expressed disbelief at the flooding.

Source: arabianbusiness

 

Flood Submerges Houses, Farmlands in Edo

No fewer than 3,000 houses in Etsako Central Local Government Area of Edo State were submerged by flood, following a surge in River Niger due to the release of water from Lagdo dam in Cameroon.

The News Agency of Nigeria reports that many hectares of farmlands with cash crops and property worth millions of naira were also destroyed.

The communities affected are: Anegbette, Udaba, Osomegbe, Ugochi, Ofukpo, Agbaburu, Uzanu and Ifeko.

Some of the victims, who spoke with NAN, blamed the flood on the rise in the water level of the River Niger.

One of the victims, Mr Sunny Emokpa, expressed shock over the incident, saying that the entire communities were now flooded.

“Our farmlands have been destroyed, while houses have been submerged by water, thereby rendering us homeless.

“Our schools are now at the mercy of the flood as pupils have to manage to get to the class, while some are completely out of school as the water had gone beyond what the children can manage.

“We are appealing to the Federal and State Governments for help,’’ Emokpa said.

Another victim, Mr Sunny Eshemoboh, told NAN that he lost his entire property to the flood.

“The flood has wreaked havoc on our buildings; as you can see; our houses have been submerged by the flood.

“We are appealing to the relevant authorities to come to our aid,’’ Eshemoboh said.

Mrs Rita Akinabor said that she lost all her farm produce to the flood.

“I invested N500,000 in cultivating my farm and I am now worried that just at about harvest time, most of my crops have been washed away by the flood,’’ she said.

The Vice-Chairman of the Local Government Area, Mr Ambrose Akhigbe, said the council had commenced the clean-up of the Federal Government’s resettlement camp for Internally Displaced Persons in Oghomere with the aim of relocating the flood victims to the area.

“The council is doing all it can to relocate the victims after proper cleaning of the buildings to enable them feel at home.

“We have reached out to relevant agencies to provide relief materials to the camp for the affected victims,’’ he said.

NAN reports that in 2018, over 1, 000 houses were submerged and hundreds of people displaced by flood in the area.

(NAN)

Edo, Lagos, Delta, Four Others To Witness More Flood

The Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA) on Monday warned Nigerians, especially residents of Edo, Delta, Rivers, Anambra and Bayelsa states to prepare for more flooding in the coming days because of the release of water from the Lagdo dam in Cameroon.

Residents of the Lekki area of Lagos and other parts of the state are also not spared of the coming flood, which the agency says will be as a result of further rains in the southern part of the country and along the coastal states.

Director General of the agency, Engr. Clement Onyeaso Eze, blamed the Cameroonian authorities for the flooding which he said has ravaged communities in Adamawa, Taraba and Benue states and breaching the MOU entered between Nigeria and Cameroon on the release of water.

He said even when the agency made enquiries, the Cameroonian authorities first denied releasing water from any of its dams but later admitted doing so after series of enquiries backed by video evidence of the rising water level along the River Benue.

He said further that the Cameroonian authorities may have envisaged what is going on now and advised the Nigerian government to construct its own buffer dam to absolve whatever water may be released from the Lagdo dam, saying unfortunately, the buffer dam has remained on the drawing board.

According to him: “For about two weeks, Adamawa state has been under flood and that comes down to Taraba and Benue and everything converged at Lokoja in Kogi state.

“This is already November and the flood level as at today, the 44th of November 2019 is about 11.97 against 8 we had at this particular time in 2012 when there was a serious flooding in Nigeria.

“This agency is the most visible, most active and most responsive agency when it comes to the upstream sector of flood related disaster in Nigeria. We see it ahead of time ad try to alert the nation on what is about to happen and we keep updating the nation.

“As at today, certain parts of Nigeria are experiencing flooding. Parts of Adamawa state has been submerged, Taraba i affected adversely and Benue state. Infact the governor was on air talking about the same issue and then, Kogi state is the epicentre because both River Benue and Niger meet at that point.

“It was only today that both Kainji and Jebba dams closed their gates from spilling water. Kainji dam in Niger state and downstream of it is Jebba dam. Kainji began to spill water almost a month ago, Jebba must follow suit and both of them has been spilling water to down stream.

“It was only today that the two dams closed their gates and only maintaining what we called environmental flow which is normal. They had to spill water because of the excess coming from the upper parts like Niger republic.

“As a country, Nigeria entered into an agreement with our neigbouring country, Cameroon with regard to two structures in that country that has adverse effect on Nigeria. The first that occurred in 1986 was Lake Nyus which is a gaseous lake and it broke and spill some of its poisonous gas into the environment and all manner of things died. The other structure is the Lagdo dam which is about 7.6 billion cubic litre dam.

“While they were building that between 1977 and 1982, they asked Nigeria to build a buffer dam within the Nigerian part of the River Benue so that once there is a release of water from the Lagdo dam in Cameroon, our own buffer dam will check it. Incidentally, our own dam is still on the drawing board.

“It was supposed to be built in a community called Fulfule in Adamawa state with a capacity of 15 million cubic litre so that even if Lagdo dam collapses, our own dam will absolve whatever is coming down.

“But as at today, whatever is coming from the Lagdo dam comes under free flow into Nigeria. That was what led to having an MOU between the two countries that in the event that the dam is overwhelmed, give Nigeria adequate notice such that at least, we can evacuate human beings or whatever need to be removed from the way will be removed.”

Speaking on flooding in Lagos and Ogun states, Eze said: “If you go to the south western part of Nigeria, the Oyan dam under the auspices of Ogun/Osun River Basin was overwhelmed by the level of flood that they had to open their gate and as such, Lagos and Ogun states has been adversely affected and they are still battling with flooding in those two states.

“Ondo and other parts of Lagos like the Lekki axis have been adversely affected by coastal flooding which they are still battling with. States like Bayelsa and Rivers will not only be affected by the release of water from the Lagdo dam, but also coastal flooding.

“The agency wishes to advise the following states down stream Kogi state namely Edo, Delta Anambra, Rivers and Bayesa states to be on the watch out. They are placed on red alert because the flood that was sited in far away Adamawa state will still find its way down to these states before emptying into the Atlantic ocean.

“The rainfall season within the southern part of Nigeria will still continue and may continue till December in some places which means a combination of the flooding caused by the release from the dam and the rainfall within these areas will still aggravate the flooding in these locations.

“By this time in 2018, the flood level in Nigeria has generally gone down, the same with 2012 when we had the biggest flooding season ever in Nigeria. So, the southern states of the country and Kogi state are not yet free.”

Source: thenationonlineng

Flood: Lawmakers Orders Bauchi Govt to Demolish Houses on Waterways

Bauchi state House of Assembly has passed a resolution calling on the state government to demolished all houses and other structures erected on waterways across the state. Speaker of the House Rt. Hon. Abubakar Y. Suleiman (Ningi Central Constituency) disclosed the resolution during the plenary of the house in Bauchi.

This was shortly after the Adhoc Committee constituted by the House to visit all the 20 local government areas affected by the recent flood disaster that submerged many parts of the state presented its report.

Suleiman said that the house resolved that the state government should properly enforce the existing town planning laws without fear or favour. He said “according to the findings of the house committee chaired by Hon. Bakoji Aliyu Bobbo (Chiroma Constituency), a total number of 61,954 houses were destroyed across the state, 56,266 farmlands destroyed, 45 roads/culverts were washed away, 26 bridges cut off, 228 wells destroyed, 1 Dispensary destroyed, 2 schools and 1 market also destroyed and 64 lives a lost.

The Committee estimated the total cost of the damages to N4,862,471,203.” The speaker explained that the government should demolish all houses and structures erected on waterways across the state as the National Hydrological Agency has issued a warning that Bauchi state is one of the states prone to perennial flood during raining season.

He said the house further suggested that the state government should embark upon construction of adequate drainage systems, earth dams, roads, culverts and bridges washed away by the recent flood, “Planting of trees, liaison between Bauchi State Government and NEMA to provide modern recreational canoes in all the riverine areas of the statewide.”

The speaker noted that state government should direct Ministry of Works, Land and Transport to embark upon flood sensitization programme with a view to sensitizing the people of Bauchi state to comply with standard building regulations, abide by early warning mechanisms and abstain from erecting buildings along waterways and drainage systems forthwith.

Similarly, Members representing (Burra Constituency) Ado Wakil and Hon. Saleh Muhammad (Jama’are Constituency) observed that some communities affected by the disaster in their communities are not captured in the report. The speaker directed the Clerk of the house to communicate the resolution to the Executive arm.

Source: Dailytrustng

Flood: At least 28,000 Homeless in Central African Republic

The worst flooding in two decades in the Central African Republic has left at least 28,000 people homeless, the country’s Red Cross said Tuesday, with the government calling the disaster a “huge natural catastrophe”.

Torrential rains have pounded the country for several days, causing the Oubangui River and its tributaries to overflow.

“The latest toll is 28,000 people made homeless” across the former French colony, Central African Red Cross president Antoine Mbao-Bogo told AFP, adding that entire neighbourhoods are “underwater”.

In the capital Bangui, with a population of about one million, mud homes have literally dissolved in the floods.

“Today our country, and not just the city of Bangui, faces a huge natural catastrophe,” government spokesman Ange-Maxime Kazagui said in a television address late Monday.

“The Oubangui River has burst its banks, and its tributaries can no longer flow into it, creating a phenomenon of massive overflow.”

The country’s main river overflows about once a decade, with a 1999 disaster causing major destruction — but Mbao-Bogo said the current flooding is even worse.

“Add to that the deep poverty of our compatriots,” he said.

The country of some 4.7 million people, which faces brutal violence from armed groups despite a peace pact signed this year, is one of the world’s poorest countries.

With more than two-thirds of the country controlled by militias fighting the government or each other, about a quarter of the population have fled their homes.Kazagui said Bangui residents living on the banks of the Oubangui had been hit especially hard.

“Drinking water is lacking. There are problems with latrines, mosquitos, cold and the risk of epidemics such as cholera,” he said.

“We don’t have the infrastructure to shelter people, but we expect that NGOs will provide tents and shelters,” Kazagui said.
(AFP)

Poor Planning, Attitude Major Causes Of Increased Flooding – Aminu-Kano

Dr Muhtari Aminu-Kano is the Director-General, Nigerian Conservation Foundation. He tells Journalist that Nigerians need enlightenment on how to reduce flooding:

There has been a series of flooding in recent times. As an environmentalist, what do you think are the possible causes?

I think a number of factors have been contributing to flooding in recent times but the key one is really lack of planning by the authorities and the attitude of Nigerians. These are the two main things. Why did I say lack of planning? We know the rains are coming; it is true that it has been higher due to climate change. More rain does not necessarily mean more flooding and even if it leads to flooding, it should not necessarily mean washing off properties, affecting people’s lives and income.

If you prepare and plan, you will know the rains are coming. It may be higher than usual but it will not affect people because resilience has been built into it. But our planning system in towns and cities leaves much to be desired. People are now building houses in river valleys and encroaching on flood plains.

We are just building anyhow, especially in Lagos; we are just building everywhere without adequate drains. Even the inadequate drains are constantly being blocked by plastics, compost, human and household waste all the time.

So a multiplicity of factors is responsible for what is happening now. Climate change brings out more rains than usual but our lack of planning and preparation also contributes. Also, we are clearing and sand filling marshy and wetlands which used to regulate floods; we are filling them with concrete but water must find its level.

At the same time, at the upstream, we are cutting down trees which also regulate floods. So, we are leaving the soil bare for more run off of water coming at faster speed towards the ocean. Therefore, we have these issues all over.

Can there be a time when Lagos and other Nigerian cities will be free from flooding if the right things are done or is it going to continue as it is?

That is what we are asking the government. Should we wait year in and year out and face the flooding with suffering and disasters including loss of lives, properties and income? If the right things are done, it may not happen like this.

We need to build adequate drains because those tiny surface drains won’t work. Look at Lekki, it used to be a marshy land soaking up water. Now, people just move in, sometimes they don’t even clear the land. They just sand fill it, compact it and in a few months, you see an estate spring up. And the only drain is a tiny ditch which is half a metre, which is supposed to carry water away. It doesn’t work like that.

We need adequate drains and stop blocking the existing ones with waste and plan well so that we have relevant infrastructure before we build. This must include drainages and not just tiny, less than one-metre open surface ditches. We need real proper a drainage system based on scientific assessment of the level of water and knowing where things should go. Unless we do that, it (flooding) may continue.

Lagos is a low-lying city on the coast, criss-crossed by the lagoon and so many creeks and next to the ocean with sea level rise as well. I envisage if we don’t do the right thing, it will get worse.

How can stakeholders such as environmentalists, town planners and others work together to control flooding?

We do need to work together a lot. There are things that can be done in the short term as a palliative and then there is the long term that will need a lot of resources.

In the short term, non-governmental organisations with support from the government and the private sector need to do a lot of sensitisation and raising awareness for people to understand the dangers of blocking the drains by dumping refuse in them. But beyond that we really need advocates to ask the government to do proper drainage assessment of the whole city and construct adequate drains needed to drain Lagos properly.

Then also, our planning authorities need to look at how they are giving approvals to people to sand fill wetland and build anyhow without proper drains.

What roles are there for individuals to play in the process?

It has to be a change of attitude because our attitude to these whole things as individuals is wrong. Number one, we just leave everything to government; we say what is the government doing about this and we fold our arms. So, when the rains come, we just do what we can, to the point that you see people being carried on the back through flooded streets.

I think we have to change our attitude. Those of us that are elite, especially those building in places like Lekki and its surrounding areas; they need to know that building a massive structure after sand filling and constructing a tiny drainage doesn’t work. They are flooding the whole area.

Even ordinary people who are not so rich and build in other areas, we need to change our attitude to waste disposal. We shouldn’t be throwing refuse from our houses into the gutters; we should be cleaning and making sure that gutters from our house into the larger drainages are free and make sure that the channels are not clogged with waste because it stops the flow of water and impacts on flooding.

Do you think we are doing enough in terms of response to climate change issues as a country? And if not, what do you think should be done?

Climate change is a massive issue and impacts flooding in two ways; one is the sea level rise, which is happening now and likely to get worse. The second is the increase in rainfall. In these two ways, there is more water coming and Lagos and other places are at risk.

Nigerians are not as aware of climate change as they should be; we are not doing enough as a nation, from our government to institutions, the private sector and individuals. But climate change is bigger than Nigeria, no matter what we do. We have to collaborate with other countries of the world to make sure that climate change doesn’t get worse.

Housing Deficit

But more importantly, we have to contribute our quota; we have to make sure we keep to the commitment we made to the international community that we will cut our carbon emission by 20 per cent without help. But if we get help, we can go even further and reduce it by 40 per cent. That promise made in 2015 during the Paris Agreement, which we haven’t really started implementing, is much but we have to ensure we are doing something serious as a country.

Now that we already have flooding, what advice can you give to those that are affected?

People have to do something but the government also has to help them as an emergency to enable them to cope with the current situation. Authorities are getting better at predicting flooding and rain pattern. Every year before the rainy season, they send out predictions.

But I think people in affected areas should move out rather than try to brave it. They have to be careful not to catch water-borne diseases. They should relocate and try to prepare for next year so they don’t get caught in the same situation again.

But above all, the government needs to support people to cope right now because many have lost their properties and means of livelihood.

Source: Punchng

Again, Flood Wreaks Havoc in Lagos

• TV Station temporarily shuts down over flood, Oyan Dam release
• Agudama community protests as flood claims two in Bayelsa

For the second weekend in a row, residents of Lagos State were trapped in their homes and some others spent hours in traffic as a result of the flood following hours of downpour yesterday.

The clouds had darkened since Friday, showing signs of an impending rain, but it was yesterday when the clouds opened its bowels and the rains poured. The showers continued non-stop, affecting people in different parts of the city.

On Friday, the state government had alerted residents of Ikoyi, Victoria Island and other parts of the state that flood could last throughout the weekend, owing to the release of water from the Oyan Dam. Following the flood occasioned by the release of water from the dam, which has submerged its headquarters office in Ogun State, the management of Core TV News has announced a temporary shutdown of the station.

In a statement released at the weekend, the Managing Director and founder of the station, Olajide Adediran, said the decision, though a painful one to take, was designed to safeguard the lives of its members of staff and the station’s multi million naira equipment from further damage. He urged the Ogun State government and other stakeholders to find a lasting solution to the issue of release of water from the Oyan Dam, assuring the general public that the station would bounce back in the next few days once the situation improves.

He said: “The operations of the station have become near impossible over the last 48 hours following the rise in water levels in its discovery gardens estate headquarters within the Isheri/Opic estates just off the Lagos-Ibadan expressway. We plead with our staff members and our teeming viewers to be patient and endure with us, we shall come back on air as soon as the situation is receded.”

The Lagos State government had earlier warned that the state may record more flooding owing to the rise of water sea level. The lagoon is said to be having difficulty discharging water into the ocean causing backflow into the drainage channels. But Environment and Water Resources Commissioner, Tunji Bello, says officials are working on different measures to remove the constriction and blockades to ease free passage for the resultant flooding.

The state government is also in talks with the officials of the Ogun Osun River Basin Authority, which is releasing water to do so gradually. He explained that the rise in sea level has contributed to the current flooding in many parts of Ikoyi, V.I, Dolphin and Oworonshoki as the lagoon cannot discharge and is causing back flow into drainage outlets.

Meanwhile, residents of Agudama community yesterday took to the streets of Yenagoa, Bayelsa State capital to protest against the death of two persons, Jeff Julius, aged 22, and Adeni Julius, who drowned while crossing the flooded Epie Creek on Friday night.

According to eyewitnesses, the deceased and five others were ferrying cross the Epie Creek in a canoe from the Mbiama/Yenagoa Road to their residence, at about 11:00p.m. on Friday when their canoe capsized.

It was learnt that local residents managed to save five occupants of the ill-fated canoe but that by the time they could rescue Jeff and Adeni, the current of the flood had swept them under water where they drowned. It was further learnt that several efforts to recover the bodies of the deceased proved abortive until the early hours of Sunday when the bodies resurfaced as a result of change in the density of the bodies.

Housing Development

Speaking on behalf of the grieving father, uncle of the deceased, Mr. Julius Diepreye, blamed the government for the death of his nephews, saying the government has continuously failed to live up to its responsibilities.

“The reason is that government has failed to construct the road linking this area to Igbogene. For government to build a 100-meter bridge across the creek is a problem. So what we normally do every year is to use a canoe to cross over to the city each time there is flood. As a result of this I lost two of my nephews. I am not asking government to give my family money, I am not asking government to give us relief materials as flood victims because I don’t need it. What I want government to do is to construct our road so that there would be no more loss of lives and properties. If the state government cannot do it, then the NDDC should do it for us.”

Source: Guardianng

Flood: Major Cities Face Threat of Buildings Collapse

Except there is a reorientation on locations, design and foundation methodology in flood prone areas, many buildings still risk collapse in view of the incessant rainfall across the country, professionals have warned.

There have been weeks of pounding rains, which swamped major cities, leaving homes and facilities isolated by flood water. As the floods stay weeks even months to recede, some buildings become weakened and exposed to the weather. Most of the buildings that had collapsed recently in some locations in states are multi-storey, which could suggest problems of soil structure and weak foundations.

For instance, a two-storey building recently caved in and collapsed at number 22, Nkisi Aroli street, Onitsha, Anambra state amidst the heavy rainfall, while four persons were confirmed dead after a house built on a hill and collapsed on another in the Otun Araromi area of Isheri-Magodo, Lagos State.

Similar circumstances were recorded in Abuja, when one storey building under construction behind the Apo mechanic village reportedly collapsed with about four people trapped, Also, there were reports of such instances in Ondo, Kogi and others that were not reported across the country.

The Guardian investigations revealed that most of the existing building structures and those under construction are hardly designed to withstand flooding conditions such as scour and erosion due to floods, quick rise and drawdown of floodwater and prolonged inundation.

Insufficient anchorages for storage tanks, sealed conduits and pipes, and other structures that may suffer from lateral movement and floatation during flood condition are also some of the current realities. Essentially anchorages and connections in the structures need to be designed and executed to withstand the influence of vertical loads, uplift forces, and lateral loads.

Building beams needs to be well connected to piles, columns, piers and foundation walls using suitable means such as bolts and welds. While moisture-resistant building products are also the first line of defense against rotting and mold, especially in tackling problems that could devalue homes and cause serious health issues and even death of occupiers.

The immediate past president of the Nigerian Institution of Structural Engineers (NIStructE), Mr. Oreoluwa Fadayomi told The Guardian that many Nigerians are building on flood prone locations, thus, making them more susceptible to flood effects and building collapse aside other factors that could trigger building collapse. He said government shouldn’t grant license to residents to embark on construction projects in flood prone areas.

“When you have a flood prone location, the number one thing is never to allow people to illegally build there because it’s supposed to be under government acquisition and a place that should be within the setback. The moment you allow them to build, they would continue to multiply and it would become a community and when government wants to enforce the law, an entire community would be displaced and it becomes a social problem.”

On the type of foundation required, should people build in such locations, he explained, “It is not a matter of what type of foundation, but the size of the building in terms of whether it’s a Bungalow, High-rise building and others and knowing the volume of load that would be transmitted to the foundation? If you want to do your foundation, it has to be based on scientific test.

“If you have bad soil area, you should do soil investigation to know the type of material that is in the ground and that would determine what type of foundation to use. For example, Lagos has different varieties of materials in the ground, Victoria Island is sandy, Maroko is muddy, there are Islands that are hard. So soil test is number one thing.”

Fadayomi regretted that buildings are collapsing at alarming rate and more would still give way if slums and flood prone areas were not transformed into estates for the people by government.

“You don’t need a soothsayer to say that. More buildings would still collapse because the existing buildings are not strong enough, water percolate into them. More collapse would still happen for as long as we didn’t do anything about it. What to do about it is to disallow this kind of development . We have being telling government that all the places that looks like slums. They should get the people together, talk to them and make them know that the whole –place could be demolished and be re-built into a community where law and order would reign.”

The President, Nigerian Institute of Building (NIOB), Mr. Kunle Awobodu explained that buildings collapse, because, “you have the contractor that is not thorough, artisans that are not properly trained and on this we should ask why do people yearn for artisans from Benin Republic, Ghana, it is because of the pattern of training”.

Other factors, he said include, the use of substandard building materials, uncertified building managers/poor workmanship, faulty building architectural designs and lack of comprehensive soil investigation, among others.

According to him, before any construction project takes place the importance of comprehensive soil investigation in the area can’t be over-emphasized before determining the type of foundation desirable.

While foundations provide support for structures, transferring their load to layers of soil or rock that have sufficient bearing capacity and suitable settlement characteristics to support them, he said there are ranges of foundation types suitable for different applications, depending on considerations such as, the nature of the load requiring support, ground conditions, the presence of water, space availability, accessibility and sensitivity to noise and vibration in buildings.

Awobodu said many buildings are collapsing and many more would still fall due to faulty foundation and incursion of quacks into piling profession in Nigeria. He said: “Government doesn’t have control on the piling works in Nigeria and drillers don’t have any training institution and so they embark on ‘trier and error’. So many landlords are falling victim of poor building foundation in locations such as, Arowojobe, Maryland, Medinah estate, Oke-Alo, Lekki and Ilubirin and others. Government should register capable companies that could handle comprehensive sub-soil investigation and piling projects because most of the building foundation in Nigeria are being handled by incompetent people.”

On the role of town planning, a past president of the Nigerian Institute of Town Planners, Bunmi Ajayi said some areas are classified as undevelopable for reasons which include, the presence of dam streams and the different degrees of slopes.

“When the slope in an area is beyond certain degrees or gradients, it shouldn’t be developed at all because what is involved is complicated and residents might not be able to handle it given the under developed nature of our technology. That is the case you find in the Magodo building collapse.

Housing Deficit

“With the slope, government opts not to have allowed development there because the slope was too sharp and so the building collapsed on another. It is part of the town planners’ business to determine at what point, development should stop based on the gradient of the land, make provision/advise on other uses that won’t cause damage and to demarcate areas that shouldn’t be developed and enforced it.

“If you look at the expired Lagos master plan, there are large areas of land that were not to be developed. For instance, the Iju road because of the Iju water works that was situated there at that time. Also, you have the water works at Iba road but some of these places are already been developed.”

He said the issue of flooding is a governance issue because “there was a drainage master plan that was commissioned for Lagos since the regime of Mobolaji Johnson but the issues remained that the primary, secondary and tertiary drains in the master plan are no where to be found today to take water out of the premises.”

“When you refused to implement the drainage master plan of Lagos, we would continue to face a flooding situation because at the end of the day, water will finds its level. The ideal thing is to provide a root for water. As far as there is an increase in rainfall, a lot of houses will still come down, especially in sloppy areas.

“Living in floodable areas portends that once there is flood for too long a time, because of the level of our technology and the fact that a lot of people use substandard products as well as because of the age of some of the buildings too, there’s going to be very high risk that some of the buildings might still collapse”, he said.

Source: Guardianng

Why Lagos Is Flooded: Atlantic Ocean Full, Can’t Take Water From Lagoon, Govt Alerts Residents

The Lagos State government has alerted residents on the cause of rise in water level resulting in flooding in the densely populated state.

The Commissioner for the Environment and Water Resources, Mr Tunji Bello, stating this in a release on Friday, said, the rise in sea water level as a result of the inability of the lagoon to discharge water into the ocean is causing back flow into the drainage channels.

But Bello said the officials of the state are working on different measures to remove the constriction and blockades that would allow easy passage for the resultant flooding.

According to him, the state government is also in talks with the officials of the Ogun Osun River Basin Authority which is releasing water to do so gradually.

He explained that the rise in sea level has contributed to current flooding in many parts of Ikoyi, V.I, Dolphin and Oworoshoki because the lagoon can not discharge and is causing back flow into drainage outlets.

He said the officials of the Drainage Department had expected it to go down by evening but from the look of things now may last throughout the weekend.

Similarly, the Commissioner said the Ogun-Oshun River Basin Authority can no longer hold the Oyan Dam hence, has been releasing its water causing rise in Ogun River and this has affected low line areas like Isheri North and Magodo and up to Owode Onirin.

Bello said until the ocean level goes down, the lagoon cannot discharge water into the ocean and causing back flow into all the drainage outlets in the state.

Source: tribuneonlineng

Here’s How Climate Change Could Also Change Home Values

The Bloomberg article cited analysis from the San Francisco Reserve, which showed that nearly 40% of 175 communities that may see chronic flooding by 2045 also have poverty levels above the national average.

“As the frequency and severity of floods in the U.S. continues to increase due to climate change, the shortcomings of our current tools will be increasingly insufficient to quantify flood risk,” the report said.

Because of increased levels of flood risk, real estate values stand an overwhelming chance of decreasing.

According to Zillow, more than 800,000 existing homes worth $451 billion are at-risk for a 10-year flood by 2050. By 2100, those numbers will jump to 3.4 million existing homes worth $1.75 trillion.

Over the past decade, tidal flooding has risen in many coastal communities. However, since 2009, a third of the nation’s coastal cities have seen an influx of new homes being built, worth trillions.

And those homes, even the ones not directly next to the water, are at an increased risk of flooding. There is a 10% annual risk of this type of devastating flood, reaching farther inland than they do now. These floods cause many problems, leading to an increase in cost of insurance, as well.

While Zillow says Florida is the No. 1 state with the highest risk of chronic flooding by 2100, New Jersey sits No. 2, along with Mississippi and Connecticut, and other coastal states.

“This can be disastrous for a homeowner whose house is their largest asset and a substantial portion of their net worth,’’ the report said. “This will have a disproportionate adverse impact on low- and moderate-income households. Obviously, this can result in a downward spiral of property values for such communities.’’

Source: Housingwire

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