Reporter

10 Holiday Gift Ideas for Builders

Get your favourite builder a pleasant surprise this holiday by giving them a wonderful gift that can help make their job easier. Whether he or she needs a new gadget or wants to add more tools to his or her arsenal, these holiday gift ideas for contractors and home builders will surely fit their needs.

1.Toolbar Bluetooth Connected Laser Distance Measurer 

General Tool’s Bluetooth Connected Laser Distance Measurer is one of the perfect gifts for your contractor this holiday season. It will basically make measuring distances less of a hassle and less time consuming. All you have to do is point the laser to an area you want to measure and it will provide you with accurate readings up to 100 ft. So, whether you’re working on installing a new panel or estimating how much materials you need for your new project, this is a great time saving tool to have. With more construction tools being innovated to make them more effective, this is a must have for all builders out there!

2.Non-Contact Voltage Tester

For builders, safety is of high priority. A non-contact voltage tester is one of the safest way to know whether there is electric current running through any electric socket or not without touching any wires. What’s great about the Non-Contact Voltage tester is that it’s very simple to use and ensure safety. This makes a great pocket tool for your favourite builder and he’ll be happy to have it.

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

 3. 3-In-1 Mobile Work Centre

A great gift for “on-the-go” builders who are always on the road. The 3-in-1 Mobile Work Centre is like having your own workshop on wheels! It is a portable storage unit for hand tools, power tools and more. With its spacious bottom bin and detachable tool box and tray, your builder doesn’t need to worry about misplacing any tool. This mobile work centre is built to last and can withstand heavy usage day in and day out. Many builders would love to have this professional tool and it makes a perfect gift for a builder.

4.Carpenter Wine Bottle Caddy

Want to say “thank you” to your contractor for that great project he and his team did? A carpenter wine bottle holder makes a great gift to do just that. Send him a nice wine together with a wine bottle caddy and it’ll put a smile on his face just.

5.Builder Mug

If there’s one thing that builders love aside from doing the finishing touches for your new home or building, it would be coffee. Sending them a coffee mug saying something like “I turn coffee into houses” or “#1 Builder” is a thoughtful gift for the holidays especially when they’re relaxing during Christmas morning with their favourite coffee.

6.Work Gear Builder Note Pad Holder

Builders are very keen to details and each detail should be written down to make sure they get the right dimensions, plans and estimates. However, not all notebooks out there are built for heavy duty usage. Builders need a notebook that they can carry anywhere and can resist a lot of wear and tear especially when they’re visiting their project sites. Th Work Gear Notepad Holder does a good job on protecting your Builder’s notes and at the same time has pockets for other important things such as pencils, business cards and other important documents.

7.Wheeled Contractor’s Bag

Builders move a lot especially when they’re managing multiple projects in a day. You’re your builder’s life less of a hassle by giving him the Wheeled Contractor’s Bag this holiday. It is a high-quality bag designed to carry various power tools, parts and accessories and keeps them secured while on transit. Another great thing about the wheeled bag is that its weather resistant thus making sure your builder’s tools are free from rust and dirt.

8.Space Pen Tool

This heavy duty and multi-functional space pen tool makes a wonderful gift for any builder. It writes underwater, over grease, in extreme temperature and even when you’re upside down unlike most pens out there. Aside from that, you can use it for various measurements and writes on almost any surface which makes it one of our top holiday gifts for builders this year.

9.Power Bank

Most contractors nowadays rely on their phone not only to get in touch with clients and their team but also to manage projects, calculate estimates, organize tasks and more. With this, it is important that their smartphone don’t die on them while they’re on a busy day – which makes giving them a durable power bank a great holiday gift idea.

10.T-Shirt With Their Logo

What’s a better gift than one that is actually customized for your favorite builder? your contractor will appreciate the amount of time you’ve spent customizing a T-shirt just for him.

Source:allurausa.com

HOW NIGERIA’S LEADING CEMENT MANUFACTURER BECAME THE RICHEST BLACKMAN IN THE WORLD

With an estimated net worth of $10.3 billion, according to Bloomberg, the Dangote Group founder is the richest man in Africa. According to Forbes, he’s also the richest black person in the world richest black person in the world.Most of the entrepreneur’s wealth derives from his 85.2 percent majority stake in Dangote Cement, which is the largest cement producer  in sub-Saharan Africa.

First launched in 1981, the Dangote Group now owns and operates more than 18 subsidiaries across a range of industries, including Dangote Cement, Dangote Flour and Dangote Sugar.

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

The 61-year-old billionaire credits much of his success to his maternal grandfather, who instilled a business mindset into Dangote at a young age. At just eight years old, Dangote would buy sweets with his allowance, which he’d give people to sell for a profit.

“When you are raised by an entrepreneurial parent or grandparent you pick that aspiration,” he told Forbes in 2015. “It makes you be much more aggressive — to think anything is possible.”

Dangote’s entrepreneurial interests followed him into adulthood. In 1977, he graduated with a business degree from Egypt’s Al-Azhar University. When he returned to Nigeria, Dangote moved to Lagos, one of Africa’s wealthiest cities and the country’s largest financial center.

Using a $500,000 loan from his uncle, Dangote began trading in commodities such as bagged cement and agricultural goods like rice and sugar. These business ventures became so successful that he was able to repay his uncle within three months of starting the operation.

In 1999, Dangote shifted to manufacturing, building sugar refineries and a flour mill.When Dangote Sugar first debuted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange in 2010, sales had quadrupled to $450 million, according to Forbes,making it the largest sugar refinery in Africa and by some estimates, the second largest in the world. Similarly, Dangote Flour tripled revenue to $270 million.

Dangote describes his professional journey as “exciting,” but notes that he’s also encountered obstacles along the way. Overcoming these challenges, he told Forbes Africa,, required big thinking and an innovative approach. “You have to dream big to be able to be big and that’s what we’re doing,” said Dangote, who’s now building an oil refinery that’s projected to cost around $14 billion.

For his part, Dangote says he’s driven by the impact he can have on humanity. In fact,he’s also one of Africa’s top philanthropists. “You’d like to be remembered for things that you’ve actually done,” he told Forbes. “We Africans are the only ones that can make Africa great.”

Source:cnbc

 

Celebrating Dr Chii Akporji:The Amazon Of Housing Finance

Years of existence never justifies a person’s worth, rather positive influence and selfless works are evidently traits of one’s greatness. All of these great attributes can be accorded to Dr. Chika P. Akporji, fondly called Dr Chii, the immediate past Executive Director of Policy, Strategy & Partnerships at Nigeria Mortgage Refinance Company Plc. (NMRC).

She is an accomplished development finance professional with a strong track record of managing complex national programmes to significant development impact. She coordinated the operationalization of the Nigeria Mortgage Refinance Company (NMRC), set up to grow the primary and secondary mortgage markets in Nigeria and unlock the multiplier effects of increased home ownership on the Nigerian economy.

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

Prior to her position at the NMRC she had served as Senior Advisor to the former Nigerian Minister of Finance and Coordinating Minister of the Economy and former World Bank Group Managing Director, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala. Before her return to Nigeria Dr. Akporji had had a successful 13-year career at the World Bank headquarters in Washington DC, where she worked on city development strategies (CDS) and slum upgrading (SU) programmes of several cities under the Cities Alliance programme; with several publications to her credit.

During her time at (NMRC), the achievement of the management team which she was a part of recorded milestones which now underpin the operations of the Nigerian housing sector:

few examples include developing the Uniform Underwriting Standards for the Formal, Informal, Non-Interest and Diaspora sectors of the economy; the drafting and adoption of the Model Mortgage and Foreclosure Law by key states within the federation, the development and deployment of the HMS and the HMIP, transaction driven partnerships with major organisations, like the World bank, IFC, MBAN, REDAN, NBS, major developers like Urban Shelter, Brains and Hammers, EchoStone, Blue Water, several of which are already yielding early transactional fruits for the core business of mortgage refinancing, and are poised to yield even bigger fruits for the company in the short to medium term.

Dr. Chii, holds a first degree in English and Modern Arabic Studies from University College, Dublin, Ireland and a doctorate in Comparative Literature from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. She has also attended several professional training courses and has received certifications from institutions such as the World Bank Institute, Harvard University and the School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

 

Source: Affa Dickson Acho

 

10 Of The World’s Largest Construction Projects

1. Al Maktoum Airport, Dubai

Other airports do not prepare you for the scale of Dubai’s Al Maktoum International Airport, which extends over more than 21 square miles. The facility is designed to handle 200 wide-body aircraft at a time. The airport’s second expansion phase alone has an estimated cost of more than $32 billion.

2. Jubail II,Saudi Arabia

This 22-year long industrial city project began its second phase in 2014 with an $11 billion expansion.When completed, it will comprise at least 100 industrial plants, an 800,000 cubic meter desalination plant, miles of railways, roads and highways, and an oil refinery producing at least 350,000 barrels per day. The entire project is slated to be finished in 2024.

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

3. Dubailand,Dubai

Walt Disney World can fit three times inside this complex. With 278 square kilometers, the $64 billion Dubailand will have six parts: theme parks, sports venues, eco-tourism, health facilities, science attractions, and hotels. It will also have the world’s largest hotel with 6,500 rooms and a 10 million square foot mall. The project is scheduled for completion is 2025.

4. International Space Station

The ISS circles the earth every 92 minutes. Created by a consortium of of 15 nations and 5 space agencies, the ISS has currently scheduled construction costs exceeding $60 billion. The eventual cost of the space station and its contemplated expansions could exceed $1 trillion, by which point it could become a habitat for up to one million off-planet occupants.

5. South-to-North Water Transfer Project,China

The North of China is home to almost 50 percent of China’s population, but has only about 20 percent of the country’s water resources. To remedy this imbalance, China has funded construction of three huge canals, each more than 600 miles long and carrying water to the North from China’s three largest rivers. The project has a 48 year construction schedule. When completed it will supply 44 billion cubic meters of water each year.

6. London Crossrail Project

The world’s first underground continues to grow, adding 26 miles of tunnel connecting 40 stations. The estimated cost of construction is $23 billion. The project is scheduled for completion in phases, with the first new track went  into service in 2018 and all remaining tracks in service by 2020.

7. Three Gorges Dam, China

The world’s largest dam is a mile and a half long and about 60 stories high. The $59 billion dollar Yangtze River project was completed and put into service in 2003. Most extremely large construction projects have their detractors, but Three Gorges has been particularly criticized for displacing about 1.5 million persons and destroying hundreds of miles of viable farmland.  Its electrical generation capacity is more than eight times greater than Hoover Dam, but still supplies only two or three percent of China’s 2016 energy needs.

8. Sellafield Nuclear Site,England

Covering over 700 acres, this is the U.K.’s primary nuclear-fuel reprocessing facility. with construction costs exceeding $15 billion. One of its primary activities is the reprocessing of Magnox, a nuclear fuel, from UK nuclear power stations. Not surprisingly, the site has its detractors, among them New Scientist, an anti-nuclear research publication, which has claimed that “huge pools of mystery sludge” and other hazards are potentially explosive, a claim that Sellafield’s management disputes.

9. Beijing Airport, China

Beijing International Airport will eventually surpass Dubai’s Al Maktoum Airport in cost, total square miles and passenger and plane capacity. The airport’s first phase was completed in time for the 2008 Olympiad. Further expansion is scheduled for completion by 2025. Terminal 1, designed by Zaha Hadid, incorporates a number sustainable design concepts in a futuristic building envelope.

10. Great Man-Made River Project, Libya

Libya has been working on the “Great Man-Made River” (GMR) project since 1985. It is the largest irrigation project in the world. When completed, it will irrigate more than 350,000 acres of arable land and will substantially increase available drinking water in most of Libya’s urban centers.  The water source for the project is the underground Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System. The project is scheduled for completion in 2030.

Source:.usbuildingnews.com

 

Why “affordable housing” in Africa is rarely affordable

Ethiopia’s flagship social-housing programme is probably the most ambitious in Africa. But for most locals the houses are still barely affordable. The poor cannot afford the down payment for even the most subsidised units. And those who can often struggle to meet repayments, opting instead to rent out the houses and move elsewhere.

In this respect, though, Ethiopia is hardly alone in Africa. Take Angola, where a recent $3.5bn social-housing project on the outskirts of Luanda, the capital, offered apartments from $84,000, in a country where incomes per person are just over $4,000. Or Cameroon, where the government’s social-housing scheme is out of reach to 80% of the population, according to the World Bank.

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

In Ethiopia the state has spent over a decade building cheap homes on an almost unprecedented scale, but supply still fails to match demand. Why? High costs and expanding populations mostly put an end to the kind of government housing provision that was common in much of Africa during the early post-colonial years. With its state provision, Ethiopia is an outlier. The majority of countries rely instead on a subsidised private sector to deliver cheap homes. But across the continent governments and builders are hobbled by the wider construction industry.

This is often underdeveloped and uncompetitive, constrained by poor infrastructure and a lack of both skilled labour and cheap materials. Cement in Africa is typically around three times the world price. Construction can be painfully slow. The largest house-building firm in Ghana claims to have finished a mere 3,500 units in the past decade. Inappropriate regulations drive up costs further.

Local materials are often prohibited in favour of more expensive imports. In some countries strict minimum-lot sizes—many dating back to the pre-independence era, when urban populations were smaller and the average inhabitant wealthier—price all but the richest out of the formal market. Most urban Africans simply build for themselves, which means the vast majority languish in informal slums. In Malawi, the least expensive formal house is almost 60 times more expensive than the typical informal alternative.

Look more closely, though, and the problem is a more fundamental one: land. Urban land markets in Africa are thin—only 10% of the continent’s land is registered and marketable—and prices are often wildly inflated. For example, in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, a 99-year lease in the commercial centre can now cost as much as $15,000 per square metre.

Private developers thus cater almost exclusively to the rich. So do banks. The lack of secure and enforceable land rights crimps the market for cheap housing finance, hurting both firms and households. “Affordable” mortgages in Africa typically have interest rates of more than 20%, which puts formal housing even further out of reach for the average city-dweller.

Source:The Economist

 

Housing Is Too Important To Be Led By The Private Market

Fundamentally, the purpose of housing – whether owned or rented – is to provide shelter from the elements: a place from which to access school, work and health care and to find privacy from the public gaze. Housing should also give people a sense of being “at home” – a place to be their authentic selves, and realise their ambitions.

For these reasons, housing is too important to be led by the private market. When the purpose of housing is to provide a profit for shareholders, it creates perverse incentives to build expensive luxury homes for the wealthy to live or invest in, or to delay construction while waiting for land values to rise (a practice known as “land banking”.

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

The other option is social housing: homes owned by local councils or housing associations, rented out at significantly less than the market rate. There needs to be a mixed housing economy, which prioritises the delivery of sustainable and properly affordable homes. But there are several steps that both government, and society at large, must take in order to get there.

For one thing, it’s vital to change the way we talk about housing. All too often, private individuals and organisations are encouraged by government to invest in bricks and mortar, for example through the “right to buy’’ policy. But if government gets involved – directly building property – it’s not seen as a capital investment to benefit citizens – the nation’s “shareholders” – but as a “burden” or a “debt”, in terms of public sector borrowing.

Government should invest in capital subsidies to build social housing, in the name of the public good. The Welsh government is abolishing the right to buy in Wales, and England needs to follow suit. The policy means homes are being built with public money, then heavily discounted and sold to private landlords, who gain the uplift in value on resale as the market values rise.

There are even examples of houses bought through right to buy being let on the private market, to tenants who pay rent using a housing benefit from the government. As part of my ongoing research, I have even heard from landlords who won’t let to tenants on benefits anymore, because their mortgage company considers it too much of a risk.

All the while, the nation’s stock of affordable social homes is fast being depleted, with about 4,000 being sold each year. Borrowing rules need to be loosened, to allow councils to build social housing at really affordable rates. A tighter link to earnings – not rising property and land values – would create really affordable housing, in relation to tenants’ income.

The recent cold spell has underlined the urgent need for a rapid response, to end the growing problem  of rough sleeping and homelessness. The market is partly to blame for the unacceptable rise in homelessness, alongside the government’s failure to invest in building more council housing. The impact of universal credit and benefit caps mean people cannot afford private rents in some areas, and there is not sufficient social or affordable housing to plug the gap.

The government can prevent people from having to sleep on the street, sofa-surf or engage in other forms of hidden homelessness by properly investing in health, education and social care to help keep people secure in their homes. Research has found that homeless people have many complex needs, which often require specialist support.

Another symptom of the lack of affordable homes is that only a quarter of young people today can afford to buy a house – the rest have been priced out. Many are delaying their transition into adulthood by continuing to live in their parents’ home, or sharing with others out of financial necessity when they would rather be moving into a family home with the person they love.

Both of these big social issues could be tackled with an integrated social policy with housing at its heart, and with investment by the government in building social and affordable homes. But there is also a keen need for more infrastructure and support, to help develop functional and well-connected communities.

The government recently announced a £866m investment to fund local council infrastructure schemes, but still more continued and consistent investment is needed. The governments changes to the NPPF to “encourage” building firms to get on and build homes – in addition to the funding already announced – is one part of the puzzle. But there is so much more that can and should be done.

Jo Richardson is a professor of housing and social research at De Montfort University. This article was first published in The conversation

NEMA advocates tree planting to check windstorm, erosion in southeast

The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) has called on residents of the southeast to imbibe the culture of tree planting to check windstorm and gully erosion in the zone.

Mr Walson Ibarakumo, NEMA South-East Zonal Coordinator, gave the advice in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Enugu, Enugu State on Wednesday, December 5, 2018.

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

He advised the residents to plant trees around their homes, public buildings such as hospitals, schools, worship centres and markets. He said that the measure would help to naturally check impacts of erosion currently ravaging different communities in the zone.

He said that trees played significant roles in balancing the environment and checking other natural and man-made environmental disasters. According to him, tree planting does not attract so much financial cost and burden to the people, except at the initial stage of grooming.

“NEMA has gone from reactionary emergency response strategy to pro-active emergency response strategy and we want Nigerians to go along with the agency in this direction.

“I have spent time advocating and educating Nigerians, especially southeast residents in each community I had visited, on the tremendous good trees can do to them and their environment.

“Apart from providing us with shade for coolness and relaxation as well as edibles, trees also help to balance activities of nature around us.”When you plant medium-size trees around your home or public buildings, you are securing such buildings from windstorm and erosion menace.“The trees will naturally take up and break the force of a windstorm, which will ensure that the deadly wind does not hit at your home or building directly.

“Likewise, the roots of the trees help to hold soil together, especially areas with weak or in-adhesive clay soil type, thus checking erosion,’’ the NEMA boss said.

He however cautioned that huge and very tall trees near buildings posing risks to human lives and properties should be cut down. Ibarakumo advised that only shrubs and medium-size tress should be planted as erosion-control measures. NEMA recently distributed some relief materials to 1,280 victims of windstorm at Agbogugu community in Awgu Local Government Area of Enugu State.

Source:Environews

Lagos residents urged to halt soil degradation

The Lagos State Government has urged residents to halt the destruction of soil in the state, for a better and safer environment.

The Commissioner for the Environment, Mr Babatunde Durosinmi-Etti, said during the commemoration of the 2018 World Soil Day in Ikeja on Wednesday, December 5, 2018 that there was the need to find lasting solution to soil pollution.

Durosinmi-Etti said that pollution was a major soil threat and a serious global concern, hence, Lagosians should be mindful of their impact on the environment.

He said that residents should make the protection of the environment a priority, bearing in mind increasing challenges arising from soil pollution.

According to him, it is important to raise awareness and seek solution to the increasing challenges raised by polluting the soil.

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

“The State Government could not have found a better opportunity to do this than the World Soil Day with the theme: “Be the Solution to Soil Pollution”.

“Interestingly, this year’s theme is, on one hand, aimed at raising awareness on the need to sustain healthy ecosystems and human well-being by addressing the increasing challenges in soil management.

“On the other hand, it is also intended to raise the profile of healthy soil by encouraging organisations, communities and individuals around the world to give attention to the pressing issues affecting soils.

“As in other spheres, Lagos State has taken the lead by blazing the trail for Nigeria with the maiden celebration of this Day on December 5th, 2016,” he said.

Durosinmi-Etti said that the event marked the 3rd consecutive edition of the World Soil Day observance in Lagos state, which demonstrated the commitment to using global advocacy platforms to encourage friendly behaviour towards the environment.

He said that communities and individuals must be watchful and give the deserved attention to sources of soil pollution.

According to him, such sources include agrochemicals, petroleum-derived products, chemicals used in or produced as byproducts of industrial activities and wastes such as domestic, livestock and municipal wastes (including wastewater).

“These chemicals are released to the environment accidentally through oil spill or leachate from landfills.

“They are sometimes released intentionally as is the case with the use of fertilizers and pesticides, irrigation with untreated wastewater or land application of sewage sludge.

“Soil pollution also results from mining activities, transportation, poor waste disposal, flood and erosion among other activities impacting negatively on soils,” he said.

The Commissioner said that soil pollution, which often could not be visually perceived, was a hidden danger that jeopardised valuable soil ecosystem services.

He said that the valuable soil ecosystem services include climate regulation, nutrient cycling, food production, water purification, food quality and habitat for organisms, among others.

“Soil pollutants directly harm soil microorganisms and larger soil-dwelling organisms, thereby affecting soil biodiversity and the services provided by the affected organisms.

On its impact on humans, Durosinmi-Etti said that soil pollution was capable of directly affecting human health through contamination from heavy metals such as arsenic, lead and cadmium.

He said that food security would be compromised, as crops produced from polluted soils became unsafe for both human and animal consumption.

The commissioner said that to protect the soil, everyone should desist from indiscriminate disposal of spent oil, uncontrolled use of agrochemicals and improper disposal of urban and industrial wastes.

He said that the level of adherence to the advice would determine the quality of the soil, water and many other elements critical to human existence.

December 5 of every year has been designated by the United Nations as the World Soil Day, following the adoption of the 68th UN General Assembly Resolution in 2013.

Source:Environews

31 construction workers shot dead in Indonesia

In one of the worst separatist attacks in Indonesia’s restive province of Papua, 31 construction workers and a soldier were shot dead on Sunday and Monday.

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

The men worked for state-owned contractor Istaka Karya, building bridges and roads in the impoverished region.

Twenty-four were killed when gunmen stormed a bridge construction site in a remote mountainous village in Nduga district, on the western half of New Guinea island.

Eight fled to the house of a local politician, but the gunmen came and killed seven of them on Monday,reports South China Morning Post.

Security forces were trying to recover the bodies today, but they were being guarded by the separatists.

After Dutch colonial rule, Papua declared itself an independent nation in 1961 but Indonesia took control of the region by force in 1963.

Source:constructionreview

Russia Partners With Private Firms To Build Smart City

Moscow’s new Rublyovo-Arkhangelskoye district, designed by Zaha Hadid Architects and Pride Architects, will be a “people-centric” sustainable smart city.

Located to the west of Russia’s capital city, the 460-hectare site will be turned into a mixed residential, business and culture hub.

“We developed a people-centric design for a smart interconnected city that brings people together not only through innovative technology but also through organising the public realm,” said Christos Passas, project director at Zaha Hadid Architects(ZHA).

Click here to watch weekly episodes of Housing Development Programme on AIT

ZHA alongside Pride Architects – a studio based in Russia – consulted studies about happiness whilst master-planning the district, concluding that building communities, access to nature and environmentally friendly design were key factors. ZHA has proposed a staged development process, so residents can become adjusted to the new technology and integrate properly.

Over a third of the smart city will be given over to parkland and forest, with a large lake in the centre. Smarter energy structures are defining feature of smart cities. The architects used the EDF Group’s platform for simulating energy use in urban scenarios to optimise how local sustainable energy sources will be used to power the city’s technology effectively.

Moscow’s population currently stands at 12.4 million, an increase of 30 per cent in the past 20 years. The new district is designed to ease the pressure without curtailing the city’s growth.

Rublyovo-Arkhangelskoye will be able to house 66,500 new residents when complete. It will also provide 800,000 square metres of office space for Moscow’s growing financial consulting, legal and auditing sectors.

It will be connected to Moscow via a 12 mile metro line. The railway will begin construction in 2020 and connect to Moscow’s Shelepikha interchange station.

Smart cities are seen by many as the future of  urban environments. In America a cryptocurrency millionaire has announced plans to build a smart city using blockchain technology in the Nevada desert, and the Saudi Arabian government is investing $486 billion in a fully automated city filled with robots.

Source:dezeen.com

Translate »

You have successfully subscribed to our newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

Housing News will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.