Prime property price growth in key cities around the world is falling, up just 2.6per cent in the 12 months to June 2018, the weakest annual rise since the first quarter of 2012, the latest index shows.
Overall, the number of cities registering double digit annual price growth fell from seven to just three, quarter on quarter, according to the date from the prime global cities index from international real estate firm Knight Frank.
Guangzhou in China recorded the biggest annual price rise of 11.9per cent but this was down 16.1per cent from the first quarter of the year. Next was Singapore, up 11.5per cent, followed by Madrid up 10.3per cent, San Francisco up 9.5per cent and Tokyo and Edinburgh, both up 9.4per cent.
At the other end of the index, which tracks 43 cities, prices fell by 8.4per cent year on year in Stockholm, were down by 4.7per cent in Vancouver, down by 3.8per cent in Rome, down by 2.7per cent in Taipei, and down by 2per cent in Istanbul.
Prices were unchanged in Dublin, up by just 0.1per cent in New York, by 0.3per cent in Vienna, by 0.3per cent in Kuala Lumpur, by 0.5per cent in Milan, by 0.6per cent in Mumbai, by 1per cent in Monaco and by 1.5per cent in Jakarta.
According to Propertywire, the index analysis prices in Singapore have rebounded strongly but recent stamp duty changes may have an impact going forward and Cape Town and Dublin are seeing prime price growth soften but for very different reasons.
The rate of annual growth in Cape Town has halved in the last six months from 19.9per cent to 8.2per cent. The index report says that the citywide drought and the uncertainty over the process of land expropriation without compensation has weakened sales activity. However, six weeks of solid rainfall and new land guidance from the Government has mitigated this concern and sales volumes are strengthening again.
By contrast in Dublin where price growth has stalled, it is tighter lending rules, rising luxury supply and a reduction in sterling denominated buyers which is leading to more moderate price appreciation.
Partner for international residential research at Knight Frank, Kate Everett-Allen explained that the decline in the overall indexís performance is not due to a rising number of cities registering an annual decline. Instead, the weaker growth is due to the top performing cities rising more slowly.
The gap between the strongest and weakest performing city has shrunk from 33 to 20 percentage points in the last quarter. “The introduction of new, and the strengthening of existing, property market regulations, along with the rising cost of finance and a degree of political uncertainty is resulting in more moderate price growth at the luxury end of the worldís top residential markets,” she said.
She pointed out that Singapore has accelerated up the annual rankings to second place and this may be because high land bids by developers has translated into higher new build values. In an attempt to curb price inflation, the authorities announced further increases to the Additional Buyer Stamp Duty in July and this includes higher rates for foreign buyers at 20per cent and for developers at 30per cent as well as tighter lending rules.
Hong Kong has also introduced a new cooling measure, a new vacancy tax. Under the new rules, developers will incur a penalty, 200per cent of the annual rental value, if new apartments are left unsold and empty for six months or more.
In the United States it is San Francisco with annual growth of 9.5per cent and Los Angeles at 7.8per cent leading the national increases. Everett-Allen said that the US economy is firing on all cylinders and housing demand has been boosted by a buoyant labour market.
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